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Create your own Custom Search Engine
ძიება მსოფლიოს უნივერსიტეტების ღია სამეცნიერო არქივებში

Create your own Custom Search Engine

ღონისძიების ჩატარება ეროვნულ სამეცნიერო ბიბლიოთკაში

თქვენი ღონისძიების ჩასატარებლად ეროვნულ სამეცნიერო ბიბლიოთკაში, გთხოვთ, შეავსოთ სააპლიკაციო ფორმა და გადგმოგზავნოთ ელექტრონულ მისამართზე: infopr@sciencelib.ge

მსოფლიო სამეცნიერო სიახლეები

ვიტალი საფაროვს ტოლერანტობის ქომაგის წოდება მიანიჭეს

რადიო თავისუფლება - 4 საათი 36 წმ-ს წინ
საქართველოს სახალხო დამცველთან არსებულმა ტოლერანტობის ცენტრის ეროვნულ უმცირესობათა და რელიგიათა საბჭოებმა ტოლერანტობის ქომაგის წოდება უფლებადამცველ ვიტალი საფაროვს მიანიჭეს. „ჩართულობის და განვითარების ცენტრის“ თანამშრომელი ვიტალი საფაროვი 2018 წლის 30 სექტემბერს თბილისში მოკლეს, სავარაუდოდ ქსენოფობიური სიძულვილის ნიადაგზე. იგი მრავალი წლის მანძილზე აქტიურად იყო ჩართული მოზარდების ტოლერანტულ ბანაკებსა და სხვა პროექტებში, რასიზმის, ქსენოფობიისა და დისკრიმინაციის წინააღმდეგ. ვიტალი...

Competition: win Muji's Portable Aroma Diffuser

dezeen - 4 საათი 7 წთ-ს წინ

Portable Aroma Diffusers by Muji

Dezeen has teamed up with Japanese brand Muji to give away 10 travel-size aroma diffusers, which can be packed up and used on the go, in our latest competition. Read more

Blake Lively im Interview: „Eine Frau muss nicht lieb und nett sein“

Wissen - FAZ.NET Frankfurter Algemeine - 4 საათი 8 წთ-ს წინ
In „Nur ein kleiner Gefallen“ spielt Blake Lively eine undurchschaubare Frau, ungerührt und selbstbewusst. Im F.A.Z.-Interview erzählt sie, warum sie auch im wahren Leben immer selbstsicherer wird.

SNCF : Pépy veut sortir du diesel d'ici à 2035

Yahoo! Actualités: Les titres Sciences - 4 საათი 12 წთ-ს წინ
Initialement prévue pour 2050, la date de sortie du diesel ferroviaire a été avancée de quinze années minimum. Cette annonce faite par Guillaume Pépy entre dans le cadre d'une volonté de verdir le réseau national, en remplaçant notamment le diesel par des trains à propulsion hydrogène.

Soldes d'automne : le Humble Store vous offre Sins of a Solar Empire

Yahoo! Actualités: Les titres Sciences - 4 საათი 16 წთ-ს წინ
Bonne nouvelle pour la communauté des gamers : le jeu Sins of a Solar Empire vous coûtera la somme de zéro euro sur le Humble Store à l'occasion des soldes d'automne. [H2]C'est les soldes d'automnes ![/H2] Noël avant l'heure. Le Humble Store, connu pour proposer de manière régulière des jeux vidéo à prix libre via son Humble Bundle, a lancé une offre exclusive valable jusqu'au dimanche 18 novembre, à dix heures, heure du Pacifique. ...

VW investiert 44 Milliarden Euro in Elektro-Offensive

Wissen - FAZ.NET Frankfurter Algemeine - 4 საათი 17 წთ-ს წინ
Der VW-Konzern steckt in den nächsten fünf Jahren ein Drittel seiner Gesamtausgaben in Elektromobilität und Digitalisierung. Ganze Werke werden umgerüstet. Und China wird zur Chefsache.

'Amazon va échouer. Amazon va faire faillite': Jeff Bezos a fait un aveu surprenant au sujet de la durée de vie d'Amazon

Yahoo! Actualités: Les titres Sciences - 4 საათი 20 წთ-ს წინ
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Minority groups face greater wildfire threat

Futurity.org - 4 საათი 56 წთ-ს წინ

Massive wildfires, which may be getting more intense due to climate change and a long history of fire-suppression policies, have strikingly unequal effects on minority communities, a new study shows.

Researchers used census data to develop a “vulnerability index” to assess wildfire risk in communities across the US. Their results, which appear in the journal PLOS ONE, show that racial and ethnic minorities face greater vulnerability to wildfires compared with primarily white communities. In particular, Native Americans are six times more likely than other groups to live in areas most prone to wildfires.

“A general perception is that communities most affected by wildfires are affluent people living in rural and suburban communities near forested areas,” says lead author Ian Davies, a graduate student in the School of Environmental and Forest Sciences at the University of Washington. “But there are actually millions of people who live in areas that have a high wildfire potential and are very poor, or don’t have access to vehicles or other resources, which makes it difficult to adapt or recover from a wildfire disaster.”


The map on the right shows wildfire potential across the entire country, according to the  US Forest Service. Red areas are most likely to burn. The map on the left adds the human dimension, incorporating socioeconomic factors in determining how likely an area is to adapt and recover from a wildfire. Red areas highlight places where human communities are most vulnerable. (Credit: U. Washington)

Adding the human element

This study is one of the first to integrate both the physical risk of wildfire with the social and economic resilience of communities to see which areas across the country are most vulnerable to large wildfires. The approach takes 13 socioeconomic measures from the US census—including income, housing type, English fluency, and health—for more than 71,000 census tracts across the country and overlays them with wildfire potential based on weather, historical fire activity, and burnable fuels on the landscape.

There aren’t many studies looking at the societal impacts of massive wildfires, so the researchers relied on existing literature that examined other environmental disasters, mainly hurricanes, to identify socioeconomic factors that contributed to whether a person recovered from a disaster. Some of these factors include whether a person is above or below the poverty line, has a disability, is elderly, has a vehicle, and owns or rents their home.

All of these factors and additional data went into creating a vulnerability index that the research team used in combination with US Forest Service assessments of wildfire potential to determine the vulnerability of 71,901 census tracts across the country.

“The argument that we and other scientists have made is natural disasters aren’t completely natural—they are products of both an environmental impact and the social, political, and economic context in which the impact occurs,” Davies says.

Overall, more than 29 million Americans—many of whom are white and economically secure—live with significant potential for extreme wildfires. However, within that segment, about 12 million people are considered “socially vulnerable” to wildfires based on the socioeconomic factors assessed in the current study—and for whom a wildfire could be devastating.

Additionally, they found that wildfire vulnerability is spread unequally across race and ethnicity. Communities that are mostly black, Hispanic, or Native American experience 50 percent greater vulnerability to wildfires compared with other communities.

In the case of Native Americans, historical forced relocation onto reservations—mostly rural, remote areas that are more prone to wildfires—combined with greater levels of vulnerability due to socioeconomic barriers make it especially hard for these communities to recover after a large wildfire.

Risk assessment

“Our findings help dispel some myths surrounding wildfires—in particular, that avoiding disaster is simply a matter of eliminating fuels and reducing fire hazards, or that wildfire risk is constrained to rural, white communities,” says senior author Phil Levin, a professor in environmental and forest sciences and lead scientist at the Nature Conservancy in Washington. “We can see that the impacts of recent fires were exacerbated for low-income residents facing a shortage of affordable housing, for example, and for Hispanic residents for whom English is not their first language.”

As the researchers dug into their results, they corroborated their findings with news reports from specific wildfire events. For example, they found that in the 2017 wildfire season, emergency agencies in cities throughout California struggled to release timely and correct bilingual information. During the 2014 wildfires in eastern and central Washington, language barriers also prevented Hispanic farm workers from receiving evacuation alerts from authorities, and the only Spanish-language radio station in the area reportedly never received the emergency notification.

The researchers hope these broad, nationwide results will spawn more detailed studies focused on individual communities and their wildfire risk. But equally important, they say, is for organizations and municipalities to take these socioeconomic factors into account when helping their communities prepare for wildfires. Offering cost-share programs for residents to prepare their homes for wildfires, distributing evacuation notices in multiple languages, and creating jobs focused on thinning local forests or clearing out flammable brush are all ways in which communities can reduce their vulnerability to wildfires, they say.

“I think the question is, how do we take these sorts of activities that are ultimately about building community and make it so they are attractive and useful for people who are busy and would much rather use what spare time they have to spend with their families?” Levin says. “I think ultimately it’s about connections, building relationships, and breaking down cultural barriers that will bring us to a better outcome.”

Additional coauthors are from the Nature Conservancy, which also funded the study.

Source: University of Washington

The post Minority groups face greater wildfire threat appeared first on Futurity.

En Israël, la culture est prise entre deux feux

lemonde.fr - Culture - 5 საათი 2 წთ-ს წინ
Lana Del Rey, Brian Eno, Peter Gabriel ou Arcade Fire… L’appel au boycott d’Israël pour dénoncer le sort des Palestiniens rencontre de plus en plus d’écho chez les artistes. Un dilemme pour le monde de la culture israélien.

Lion-Air-Unglück in Indonesien: Angehöriger von Absturz-Opfer verklagt Boeing

SPIEGEL ONLINE - Wissenschaft - 5 საათი 2 წთ-ს წინ
Probleme bei Boeing: Nach dem Absturz einer 737 Max vor Jakarta haben Angehörige eines Opfers jetzt den Flugzeughersteller verklagt. Er hatte die Einführung einer neuen Software verschwiegen.
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