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თქვენი ღონისძიების ჩასატარებლად ეროვნულ სამეცნიერო ბიბლიოთკაში, გთხოვთ, შეავსოთ სააპლიკაციო ფორმა და გადგმოგზავნოთ ელექტრონულ მისამართზე: infopr@sciencelib.ge

განათლება

Permakultur: Ein französischer Garten als Vorbild für die Agrarindustrie?

Wissen - FAZ.NET Frankfurter Algemeine - 2 საათი 44 წთ-ს წინ
Auf diesem Hof in der Normandie gedeihen Würmer, Möhren und Euros. Die Besitzer brauchen dafür weder Gift noch Traktoren. Ihnen genügt die Natur. Sie haben von Kleinbauern gelernt und wollen Vorbild sein.

Wahlkampfendspurt in Hessen: Bouffier will Sachthemen statt Dauerstreit

Wissen - FAZ.NET Frankfurter Algemeine - 2 საათი 45 წთ-ს წინ
Nach der Bayern-Wahl ist vor der Hessen-Wahl. Mit dem Ergebnis aus dem Nachbarbundesland als Bürde oder auch als Rückenwind starten die hessischen Parteien in die heiße Phase des Wahlkampfs.

DFB-Pressekonferenz live: Löw und Neuer erklären die Krise

Wissen - FAZ.NET Frankfurter Algemeine - 3 საათი 7 წთ-ს წინ
Das 0:3 in den Niederlanden war ein Debakel. Nun geht es zu Weltmeister Frankreich. Der Bundestrainer und der Kapitän sprechen zuvor über die schwere Lage. Verfolgen Sie die Pressekonferenz im Livestream.

Fall Khashoggi: Trump schickt Außenminister zu saudischem König

Wissen - FAZ.NET Frankfurter Algemeine - 3 საათი 25 წთ-ს წინ
Der amerikanische Präsident verschärft seinen Ton im Fall um den verschwundenen Journalisten Khashoggi und verlangt Aufklärung. Dazu sendet er seinen Außenminister Mike Pompeo umgehend zum saudischen König Salman.

100.000 Dieselautos von Opel stehen kurz vor Rückruf

Wissen - FAZ.NET Frankfurter Algemeine - 3 საათი 31 წთ-ს წინ
Das Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt will einen Rückruf von rund 100.000 Diesel-Fahrzeugen von Opel anordnen. Nach Auffinden einer Abschalteinrichtung der Abgasreinigung, die das KBA als unzulässig eingestuft habe, stehe der amtliche Rückruf „kurz bevor“.

Cyber-Betrüger haben bei jungen Menschen leichtes Spiel

Wissen - FAZ.NET Frankfurter Algemeine - 3 საათი 49 წთ-ს წინ
Betrüger geben sich als Service-Mitarbeiter von Digitalkonzernen aus und greifen Passwörter und Kreditkartendaten ab. Alte Menschen durchschauen den Trick fast immer – jüngere dagegen nicht.

Polen: Lewandowski schiebt die Schuld an der Krise weiter

Wissen - FAZ.NET Frankfurter Algemeine - 4 საათი 21 წთ-ს წინ
Wie beim FC Bayern läuft es für den Stürmer auch im Nationalteam nicht mehr. Robert Lewandowski trifft nicht, Polen steigt ab. Bei der Suche nach den Gründen hat er eine Idee, woran es liegen könnte.

Provost's letter to the faculty about the MIT Stephen A. Schwarzman College of Computing

MIT Top News - 4 საათი 25 წთ-ს წინ
The following email was sent today to the MIT faculty from Provost Martin Schmidt. Dear colleagues, As I trust you have seen, this morning Rafael wrote to the community to announce the creation of the MIT Stephen A. Schwarzman College of Computing. This is an historic day for the Institute. The idea for the College emerged from a process of consultation the administration conducted over the past year. In that time, we consulted with many faculty members, both on School Councils and in some departments with significant computing activities. How to handle the explosive growth in student interest in computing, on its own and across other disciplines, has been an administrative concern for some time. As we’ve seen in the sharp rise in majors “with CS,” individual departments have worked hard to respond. But through more than a year’s worth of thoughtful input from many stakeholders, we came to see that if MIT could take a single bold step at scale, we could create important new opportunities for our community. A central idea behind the College is that a new, shared structure can help deliver the power of computing, and especially AI, to all disciplines at MIT, lead to the development of new disciplines, and provide every discipline with an active channel to help shape the work of computing itself. Among those we have consulted so far, I sense a deep excitement for the power of this idea. Opportunities for input Today’s announcement has defined a vision for this College. Now, to realize its full potential, we are eager to launch a process that includes even more voices and perspectives. As a very first step, Rafael announced a set of community forums where we will share more detail on the vision and a process for moving forward. I hope you will join us for the faculty forum — October 18, 5:30–6:30 PM in 32-123 — so that we can learn from your feedback. The October 17th Faculty Meeting will also include discussion of the new College. The search for the Dean of the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing One immediate step is the search for the College’s inaugural dean. I am grateful to Institute Professor Ronald L. Rivest for agreeing to chair the search, and I am in the process of finalizing a search committee; we will announce the membership soon. I will ask the committee to recommend a short list of the best internal and external candidates by the end of November. It’s important that we work efficiently together to appoint a dean in the coming months, so that the new dean will be able to participle fully in implementing all aspects of the College. I invite you to share your advice with the committee, including your suggestions for candidates for this important position, by sending email to CollegeOfComputingImplementation@mit.edu . All correspondence will be kept confidential. The process moving forward The Chair of the Faculty Susan Silbey and I have discussed ideas for the best process moving forward. Even as we conduct a search for the new dean of the College, we can begin to make progress on several fronts. At this point, we believe we could form a number of working groups to advise the administration on important details of creating the College, perhaps following the process MIT used during the 2008 budget crisis, which actively engaged all key stakeholders at the Institute. The working groups can evaluate options and make recommendations on issues like the detailed structure of the college, how faculty appointments will be made, and how we envision new degrees and instructional support that cut across the Institute. Again, we welcome your comments, questions, and insights as we move forward with this process. Please feel free to contribute any input via CollegeOfComputingImplementation@mit.edu . We have much work ahead of us, and I look forward to the excitement and challenge of writing this new chapter of the Institute’s history. I welcome your feedback and advice. With my best regards, Marty

Le peintre et sculpteur espagnol Eduardo Arroyo est mort

lemonde.fr - Culture - 5 საათი 4 წთ-ს წინ
L’artiste, aussi écrivain, s’était installé à Paris en 1958 pour fuir le franquisme. Il s’est éteint le 14 octobre, à Madrid, à l’âge de 81 ans.

Letter to the MIT community regarding the MIT Stephen A. Schwarzman College of Computing

MIT Top News - 5 საათი 13 წთ-ს წინ
The following email was sent today to the MIT community by President L. Rafael Reif. To the members of the MIT community, The 2010 history, Becoming MIT: Moments of Decision , credits MIT’s record of rising impact to turning points when, responding to new challenges, MIT stayed true to its mission with a calculated change of course. Today, at a turning point of equal consequence, we launch the MIT Stephen A. Schwarzman College of Computing. This new College is our strategic response to a global phenomenon — the ubiquity of computing and the rise of AI. In this new world, we are building on MIT’s established leadership in these fields to position the Institute for decades to come as a world hub of education, research and innovation, and to prepare our students to lead in every domain. To state the obvious, AI in particular is reshaping geopolitics, our economy, our daily lives and the very definition of work. It is rapidly enabling new research in every discipline and new solutions to daunting problems. At the same time, it is creating ethical strains and human consequences our society is not yet equipped to control or withstand. In response, we are reshaping MIT. By giving MIT’s five Schools a shared structure for collaborative education, research and innovation, the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing aims to: foster breakthroughs in computing, particularly artificial intelligence — actively informed by the wisdom of other disciplines; deliver the power of AI tools to researchers in every field; and advance pioneering work on AI’s ethical use and societal impact. Most distinctively, by adding new integrated curricula and degree programs in nearly every field, the College will equip students to be as fluent in computing and AI as they are in their own disciplines — and ready to use these digital tools wisely and humanely to help make a better world. To be clear: In this pivotal AI moment, society has never needed the liberal arts — the path to wise, responsible citizenship — more than it does now. It is time to educate a new generation of technologists in the public interest. You can read more about the vision for the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing here , and you can find answers to questions of interest to faculty, students, staff and alumni here . How did the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing come to be? More than a year ago, inspired by the remarkable tide of student interest in majors with computing in the title, we began a process of assessment and exploration with the Executive Committee of the MIT Corporation. This quickly expanded to include faculty leadership in every department, including department heads, the School Councils and Academic Council. Faculty Chair Susan Silbey deserves immense credit for the nature and success of this consultative process. We have also gained key insights from Corporation members, students, staff and alumni. Together these conversations crystallized the need for bold action, at scale and with speed. And so we arrived at the idea we announce as the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing — the most profound restructuring of MIT since the early 1950s. This $1 billion commitment will include a dedicated new building on campus, a new dean and a near doubling of our academic capability in computing and especially AI, with 50 new faculty positions located within the College and jointly with departments across MIT. Such a bold step requires a bold partner. We are extremely fortunate to have the encouragement, insight and visionary support of one of the world’s most farsighted investors, Stephen A. Schwarzman, chairman, CEO and co-founder of Blackstone. His magnificent generosity — a gift of $350 million — gave us the power to take decisive action. What happens now? Both the MIT Corporation and its Executive Committee recently approved the establishment of the new College. It is still, however, a very young idea ­— a prototype we are improving day by day. Its success will depend on thoughtful refinement and creative problem-solving from people across MIT. To jumpstart that feedback process, we have scheduled a number of forums: Faculty Forum October 18, 5:30–6:30 PM Bldg. 32-123 Student Forum October 25, 5:00–6:00 PM Bldg. 32-123 Staff Forum October 25, Noon–1:00 PM Bldg. 4-270 In the coming days, we will schedule a forum for alumni in the metro-Boston area, as well as one or more webcasts to reach alumni in other regions and time zones. Every forum will include lots of time for questions. To focus the conversation and guide our thinking, I hope that you will let us know here what questions interest or concern you the most. In addition, faculty will receive an email from the Provost today describing the next steps in implementation and our search for a dean. The October 17th Faculty Meeting will also include discussion of the new College. *                *                * As we begin this fresh chapter, I offer thanks to everyone who helped bring us to this day. For shepherding the development of this transformative idea, we owe special gratitude to Provost Marty Schmidt, Dean of Engineering Anantha Chandrakasan and Executive Vice President and Treasurer Israel Ruiz.   If we hope to make a better world, we must constantly work to make a better MIT. As humanity faces the opportunities and risks of the digital future, the reshaping we begin on campus today will challenge us to think deeply about how the technologies we invent can best serve, support and care for our global human family. I look forward to joining you all in this profoundly important work. In enthusiastic anticipation, L. Rafael Reif

« L’Armée oubliée » : le souvenir occulté des Chinois des tranchées

lemonde.fr - Culture - 5 საათი 23 წთ-ს წინ
Simon Chu raconte l’histoire de ces travailleurs venus épauler les Britanniques dans les Flandres, pendant la Grande Guerre.

FAQ on the newly established MIT Stephen A. Schwarzman College of Computing

MIT Top News - 5 საათი 53 წთ-ს წინ
This set of FAQs offers information about the founding of the MIT Stephen A. Schwarzman College of Computing, announced today , and its implications for the MIT community and beyond. General questions Q: What is MIT announcing today that’s new? A: Today MIT is announcing a $1 billion commitment to address the global opportunities and challenges presented by the ubiquity of computing — across industries and academic disciplines — and by the rise of artificial intelligence. At the heart of this endeavor will be the new MIT Stephen A. Schwarzman College of Computing, made possible by a foundational $350 million gift from Stephen Schwarzman, the chairman, CEO, and co-founder of Blackstone, a leading global asset manager. An additional $300 million has been secured for the College through other fundraising. Q: Why is MIT creating this College? A: The Institute is creating the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing in response to clear trends both inside and outside MIT. Inside MIT, students are choosing in record numbers to study computer science, and departments across the Institute are creating joint majors with computer science and hiring faculty with expertise in computing. And externally, the digital fraction of the global economy has been growing much faster than the economy as a whole — and computing and AI are increasingly woven into every part of the global economy. Process and leadership Q: What will implementation look like? A: MIT will launch a task force prior to the College’s opening in September 2019. The task force will make recommendations to the MIT administration on details regarding the structure of the College; its academic appointments and faculty recruiting; and — in particular — how best to structure the College such that there are seamless interactions in research and teaching between the College and other MIT departments. Q: When will the College’s first dean be appointed? Do you have a list of leading candidates? A: The Institute is finalizing a search advisory committee, charged by Provost Martin Schmidt, and is beginning the search process. The committee will move forward with appropriate speed and due diligence to ensure that MIT is ready to launch the College in September 2019.  Q: Will the dean come from within MIT? A: MIT’s objective is to appoint the most highly qualified leader for this vitally important role. Such a leader may come from within MIT — but the best candidate may also come from outside the Institute. In support of the Institute and its mission, the dean will be responsible for ensuring the success of the College within the MIT community, across the broader MIT innovation ecosystem, and globally.  Q: I’m an MIT community member. How can I learn more and offer thoughts? A: Both the MIT Corporation and its Executive Committee recently approved the establishment of the new College. But its success will depend on feedback from people across MIT. To jumpstart that process, the Institute has scheduled a number of forums:  Faculty Forum Thursday, October 18, 5:30-6:30 p.m. Room 32-123 Student Forum Thursday, October 25, 5:00-6:00 p.m. Room 32-123 Staff Forum Thursday, October 25, 12:00-1:00 p.m. Room 4-270 In the coming days, MIT will schedule a forum for alumni in the Boston area, as well as one or more webcasts to reach alumni in other regions and time zones. Every forum will include time for questions. To focus the conversations, members of the community are invited to email CollegeofComputingQuestions@mit.edu with questions or concerns. Impact on MIT Q: Why is this a college, rather than a school? What is the difference? A: The MIT Schwarzman College of Computing will work with and across all five of MIT’s existing schools. Its naming as a college differentiates it from the five schools, and signals that it is an Institute-wide entity: The College is designed with cross-cutting education and research as its primary missions. Q: Why, and how, will the College connect to the schools and other parts of MIT? A: As MIT’s senior leaders have engaged with faculty and departments across campus, many have spoken of how their fields are being transformed by modern computational methods — specifically, by access to large data sets and the tools to learn from them. Some of the most exciting new work in fields like political science, economics, linguistics, anthropology, and urban studies — as well as in various disciplines in science and engineering — is being made possible when advanced computational capabilities are brought to these fields. The key connector of the College to MIT’s five schools with be the 25 “bridge” faculty: joint faculty appointments linking the College with departments across MIT. With this new structure, MIT aims to educate students who are “bilingual” — adept in computing, as well as in their primary field. The College will also connect with the rest of MIT through its work to develop shared computing resources — infrastructure, instrumentation, and technical staffing. Q: Which existing MIT units will move into the College? A: It is expected that the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), the Institute for Data, Systems, and Society (IDSS), and the MIT Quest for Intelligence will all become part of the new College; other units may join the College. EECS (and in particular, the electrical engineering part of the department) will naturally continue to have a strong relationship with the School of Engineering, its current home. A set of faculty committees will be swiftly established to define the relationship between EECS, the School of Engineering, and the new College of Computing, as well as the range of future degree offerings. Q: What changes for MIT with this new College? Is this just a restructuring? A: The founding of the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing is the most significant structural change since 1950, when MIT established the Sloan School of Management and the School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences. But this is much more than a restructuring: With this change, MIT seeks to position itself as a key player in the responsible and ethical evolution of technologies that will fundamentally transform society. The College will reorient MIT to bring the power of computing and AI to all fields of study — and, in turn, to allow the future direction of computing and AI to be shaped by insights from all of these other disciplines, including the humanities. By design, the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing will be the connective tissue for the entire Institute, integrating AI studies and research with disciplines throughout MIT to a degree and with an intensity that, it is believed, is unmatched anywhere else. Q: The College has been described as a $1 billion endeavor. Where will that $1 billion come from, and how will it be spent? A: The estimated $1 billion cost to create the College will pay to construct a new building, expected to be complete around 2022; to create an endowment to support the 50 new faculty positions; and to fund computing resources to support teaching and research in the College and across MIT. The hiring of these new faculty, when complete in approximately five years, will represent a 5 percent growth in the Institute’s total faculty. Including the founding $350 million gift from Mr. Schwarzman, MIT has already secured 65 percent of the funds needed to support launch of the College. Q: How will this College impact MIT’s budget on an ongoing basis? A: A guiding principle of MIT’s planning is that the College should not dilute the resources of any other part of the Institute. This is why MIT is engaging in new fundraising to secure the remaining part of the estimated $1 billion needed to house the College and to endow its faculty. Impact on students and alumni Q: Do you expect that this new structure could change the balance of undergraduate majors at MIT? A: About 40 percent of MIT undergraduates now major either in computer science alone or in joint programs combining computer science with some other field. It is expected that this new structure will allow interested students to gain a strong background in computer science while also focusing on a paired discipline that’s of greatest interest to them. By greatly expanding the range of disciplines that can be paired with computer science in a coherent undergraduate degree, this move will support MIT’s students in their clear desire to combine computer science with other fields where they might eventually apply their computing skills. Q: Will the undergraduate class size be increased? A: This remains to be determined. However, it is expected that the Institute’s population of graduate students will naturally grow with the addition of 50 new faculty positions. Q: Will current students be able to switch to the College? A: In general, MIT students are part of the school or college that is home to their academic program. Because the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) will become part of the new College, it is expected that the majority of EECS students will automatically become students within the new College. Students within MIT’s five other schools will, of course, be able to access the College’s faculty, courses, and facilities: Indeed, the College’s cross-Institute structure is intended to make it accessible to students across MIT, and there may be opportunities for students to be affiliated with both the College and their home department and school. Q: I'm a joint major in computer science and another discipline. How will this new College affect my course selection, and my degree? A: There should be no effect. Q: I’m an EECS alum. How will this new College affect my degree? A: You will continue to hold your MIT degree in your discipline. The creation of the College does not change your degree. This expanded footprint for computing at MIT is expected to enhance the stature of all computing-related fields at MIT. Impact on faculty Q: How many new faculty positions will be created with the launch of the College? A: Fifty faculty positions will be added over the next five years. It’s expected that 25 of these faculty positions will be located fully within the new MIT Schwarzman College of Computing; the other 25 new faculty will hold “bridge” positions — dual appointments between the College and academic departments located in any of MIT’s five schools. Q: I’m a faculty member whose field has little connection to computing or AI. How will this new College affect my position at MIT? A: While MIT believes this new opportunity brings much possibility for all faculty, engagement with the new College will be entirely voluntary. Faculty who do not wish to engage more deeply with computing or AI will not be required to do so. Q: What kinds of new joint academic programs or degrees are envisioned? A: MIT has been making progress in this direction for some time; for example, we already offer undergraduate majors that pair computer science with economics, biology, mathematics, and urban planning. The MIT Schwarzman College of Computing will allow MIT to respond to the student demand the Institute is seeing in course and major/minor selection more effectively and creatively. It will enable MIT to pursue this vision with unprecedented depth and ambition, and will give MIT’s five schools a shared structure for collaborative education, research, and innovation in computing and AI. Impact on the physical campus Q: What is the timeline on construction of a new building for the College? Where will the building be located? Has an architect been selected? A: The building is expected to be complete by 2022. Many details about the building, including its location on campus, have yet to be finalized. An architect has not been selected. Q: How big will the new building be? A: Given the expected growth of the MIT faculty with the launch of the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing, it is currently projected that the new building will house office and laboratory space for about 65 faculty members and their research groups and affiliated staff. This will likely translate to a building of 150,000 to 165,000 square feet. (For comparison purposes, MIT.nano is 200,000 square feet.) Q: Who will move into the new building? A: This remains to be determined. However, not all new MIT Schwarzman College of Computing faculty members will be in the new building, and it is expected that some existing faculty members will move there. The College’s focus Q: AI encompasses a broad range of areas, from self-driving cars to robotics. Is MIT’s goal to be a leader in all the major AI areas? Are there specific areas the College will focus on? A: It is hoped and expected that the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing will become a convening force for all of the fields that center on computing and AI. However, the focus of the new College within these fields will be shaped largely by its first dean and by its academic leadership. Q: Will the new College partner with AI research companies? A: Numerous such companies are already part of MIT’s broader innovation ecosystem in Kendall Square, and the Institute will continue to collaborate with them. It is fair to assume that projects and research generated by the College will be of interest to industry, and will have commercial relevance. Additionally, it is expected that the “bilingual” graduates who emerge from this new College — combining competence in computing and in other fields — will be of enormous value to employers. Q: What ethical concerns does MIT have about AI or specific areas of AI research? A: Advances in computing, and artificial intelligence in particular, have the power to alter the fabric of society. The MIT Schwarzman College of Computing aims to be not only a center of advances in computing, but also a place for teaching and research on relevant policy and ethics — to better ensure that the pioneering technologies of the future are responsibly implemented in support of the greater good. Q: What kind of programs will there be around ethics and advances in computing? A: Launching the College will involve both an expansion of existing programs and the creation of entirely new ones — with some of these new programs exploring the intersection of ethics and computing. Within this space, the College will offer prestigious undergraduate research opportunities, graduate fellowships in ethics and AI, a seed-grant program for faculty, and a fellowship program to attract distinguished individuals from other universities, government, industry, and journalism. Q: Why is this focus on ethics important? A: Technologies reflect the values of those who make them. For this reason, technological advancements must be accompanied by the development of ethical guidelines that anticipate the risks of such enormously powerful innovations. MIT must make sure that the leaders who graduate from the Institute offer the world both technological proficiency and human wisdom — the cultural, ethical, and historical consciousness to use technology for the common good. MIT is founding the College, in part, to educate students in every discipline to responsibly use and develop AI and computing technologies to help make a better world.  Q: At a time of growing economic disparities, there are deep concerns that AI will begin to replace humans and take over their jobs. How will MIT address such issues? A: AI and related technologies are poised to become a source of new wealth and industries. Together with that, however, is the risk of severe economic dislocation for individuals, communities, and entire nations. Reinventing the future of work must be a society-wide effort — and finding long-term solutions to issues arising from the deployment of AI will require ideas and initiative from every quarter. The College will unite expertise at the intersection of computing and the society it serves. Joining scientists and engineers with social scientists, it will produce analysis of emerging technology; this research will serve industry, policymakers, and the broader research community. Some of the graduate students who conduct research in policy and ethics may go on to fill critical roles in government and at technology companies. Additionally, MIT’s Task Force on the Work of the Future , launched in February 2018, is an Institute-wide effort to understand and shape the evolution of jobs during the current age of innovation. It aims to shed new light on the linked evolution of technology and human work, and will issue findings guiding the development and implementation of policy, to suggest how society can continue to offer broad opportunity and prosperity. Q: Are there any AI areas in which MIT would not participate because of ethical concerns?  A: Yes. In every action it takes, the Institute must understand whether its participation benefits society. Defining these boundaries will be the work of the College’s new leadership.

Fabien Eboussi Boulaga, disparition d’un « inlassable veilleur »

lemonde.fr - Culture - 6 საათი 1 წთ-ს წინ
Achille Mbembe rend hommage au philosophe camerounais disparu le 13 octobre à Yaoundé, qui incarnait « le meilleur de la critique nègre ».
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